The most beautiful sights of Rosrov-on-Don

1. Margarita Chernova’s house

The first place of your trip around the Rostov would be Bolshaya Sadovaya Street, where is situated one of the famous sights — Margarita Chernova’s House. This mansion was given by a fan of the famous actress of the XIX century. In all likelihood it  was designed by the architect Nikolai Doroshenko. But for sure, alas, this fact is not known. The gift was truly luxurious: a chic decorated facade and equally gorgeous decoration. Here, on the stage of the reception hall, Fedor Shalyapin performed many times, read poems by Nikolai Gumilev.

With the arrival of the Soviet government mistress — Margarita Nikitichna Chernova- was simply evicted, the house was taken over by the state and was occupied by state institutions. During the war the building was seriously damaged, and by the beginning of the 2000s it was in an emergency condition. However, nowdays the mansion has been restored and restored to old photographs.

2. Bolshaya Sadovaya Street

It is hard to imagin, but in the past Bolshaya Sadovaya Street was the edge of  Rostov. Until the middle of the 19th century, garbage and all kinds of impurities were brought here. But by the beginning of the twentieth century, on both sides of the street, beautiful gardens were already broken, luxury shops and important offices were opened, and tramways were built. People called Bolshaya Sadovaya Street as  «Rostov Nevsky Prospekt», and one of its part — «Rostov Broadway» (for unique buildings that bear the names of their owners).

Nowdays Bolshaya Sadovaya is one of the main streets of the city: there are a lot of important administrative institutions, as well as cultural, historical and architectural sights: the Karapet Chernov income building, the building of the main building of the Southern Federal University, the Martyn Brothers House, the Summer Commercial Club buildings, the Yablokovs Trading House , Monument to the founders of the fortress of St. Dmitry Rostovsky and others. After reaching the Square of Soviets, we turn left and soon find ourselves in front of the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.

3. Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary is the main temple of the Rostov diocese and in its external architecture is similar to the Moscow Cathedral of Christ the Savior. It was built according to the standard design of KA. Ton — the founder of the so-called. «Russian-Byzantine style» of temple architecture.

To erect on this very place the church was tried more than one time. For example, the the same named temple here existed at the end of the XVIII century. But not for long time — it was burnt by a lightning strike. And the next attempt failed — the newly built wooden church quickly deteriorated and became worthless. And only in 1860 a stone church was built, which we see today.

In the end 30’s. XX century, the cathedral was converted into a zoo, and then completely adapted for storage. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, during the occupation, the temple earned its intended purpose again. After the end of the war, the temple was restored for a long time: repair works, restoration of paintings, reconstruction of interior decoration. In 1999, on the 250th anniversary of the city, the bell tower was restored in its original form. From here, going down the Cathedral Lane, we find ourselves on the Embankment to admiral Ushakov.

4. Embankment to  Admiral Ushakov

Embankment of the Don River, named after the Commander of the Black Sea Fleet, Admiral Fyodor Fedorovich Ushakov — a favorite place for citizens and visitors of the city. It is here that mass festivities and large-scale holidays are held.

The embankment is interesting for its elegant, eye-pleasing design: picturesque flowering flower beds and, of course, numerous sculptural compositions: «Nahalenok» and «Grandfather Shchukar», «Don-Father», «Broken Heart», «Bathing Horse».

5. Theatre Square

Theater square is one of the main squares of the city and one of cultural center of Rostov. There are many important landmarks: the building of the North Caucasus Railway Administration, the memorial «For the liberation of the city from the Nazi invaders» (72-meter stele, girded with tufa with bas-reliefs on the theme of war and decorated with the goddess Nika on one side and a copy of the Order of the Patriotic War War I degrees on the other), as well as an ensemble of fountains, which, by the way, is the largest in Rostov-on-Don. It is rumored that the bold author of the composition endowed the figures of turtles and frogs sitting at the edges of the fountain with features of some mayors. Dominat Square — Rostov Academic Drama Theater named after. Maxim Gorky — deserves special attention.

6. Rostov Academic Drama Theater. M. Gorky

Rostov Academic Drama Theater. Maxim Gorky is one of the oldest in the south of Russia and one of the largest in Rostov-on-Don. Nowdays, the theater has three stages, and its repertoire includes dozens of performances bassed on the works of Russian and foreign classics and modern playwrights. tThe best theatrical collectives of Russia often come here with tours.

Among other things, the theater is interesting for its architecture: in shape it looks like a tractor.  The construction is called a monument to monumental constructivism and even a pearl of Soviet architecture. The mock-up of the building is presented in the Museum of the History of Architecture in London (of Russian buildings only the Moscow Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed was awarded such honor). Then, after walking through the already familiar to us Bolshaya Sadovaya, near the Museum of Local Lore we turn to Sokolov Avenue and soon we find ourselves on one of the most beautiful streets of the city — Pushkinskaya.

7. Pushkinskaya Street

Most of the street is a boulevard, and in 2010 it officially became a park zone. In addition, this is one of the first streets in Russia, which has free Wi-Fi.

The spirit of romance and pacification reigns here: cobbled paths, benches in the shade of dense greenery, numerous cozy coffee houses and restaurants, famous «Pushkin» balls, and of course, the focus of architectural masterpieces and expressive sculptural compositions: the mansions of Suprunov, Eva Spielrein, Paramonov, Vasiliy Kushnaryov, Bostrikinyh, Gavala residential building, the building of the Don State Public Library, the fountain-lira, the sculpture «The Lion and the Squirrel» and other objects that deserve no less attention.

8. The City Duma building

The City Duma building (Town house) is a building in Rostov-on-Don, built in 1899 by the architect A.N. Pomerantsev. One of the main architectural sights of the city. Initially, the building housed the city council and council. In Soviet times in the building of the municipal council of the CPSU. At present the building is occupied by the mayoralty of Rostov-on-Don and the city duma. The building of the City Duma has the status of a monument of architecture of federal significance.

Категория: Sights
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